Preschool Learning Foundations:
1.Properties of materials can be observed, measured, and predicted. As a basis for
understanding this concept:
a. Students know objects can be described in terms of the materials they are made of
(e.g., clay, cloth, paper) and their physical properties (e.g., color, size, shape,
weight, texture, flexibility, attraction to magnets, floating, sinking).
b. Students know water can be a liquid or a solid and can be made to change back
and forth from one form to the other.
c. Students know water left in an open container evaporates (goes into the air) but
water in a closed container does not.
2. Different types of plants and animals inhabit the earth. As a basis for understanding
a. Students know how to observe and describe similarities and differences in the
appearance and behavior of plants and animals (e.g., seed-bearing plants, birds,
b. Students know stories sometimes give plants and animals attributes they do not
c. Students know how to identify major structures of common plants and animals
(e.g., stems, leaves, roots, arms, wings, legs).
3. Earth is composed of land, air, and water. As a basis for understanding this concept:
a. Students know characteristics of mountains, rivers, oceans, valleys, deserts, and
b. Students know changes in weather occur from day to day and across seasons,
affecting Earth and its inhabitants.
c. Students know how to identify resources from Earth that are used in everyday life
and understand that many resources can be conserved.
Investigation and Experimentation
4. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful
investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept and addressing the content
in the other three strands, students should develop their own questions and perform
investigations. Students will:
a. Observe common objects by using the five senses.
b. Describe the properties of common objects.
c. Describe the relative position of objects by using one reference (e.g., above or
d. Compare and sort common objects by one physical attribute (e.g., color, shape,
texture, size, weight).
e. Communicate observations orally and through drawings.
First Grade Standards:
Second Grade Standards:
Third Grade Standards:
Fourth Grade Standards:
Fifth Grade Standards:
Sixth Grade Standards:
Seventh Grade Standards:
Eighth Grade Standards:
9-12th Grade Standards: